Figure 1: Isolation is required if your pet is suspected to have canine cough (Pawsitive Pooch, 2023)
Bordetella bronchiseptica, canine parainfluenza virus and adenovirus encompass the ‘canine cough’ viruses your dog can contract. All these types relate to the respiratory system. Canine cough in particular is known to be virulent and highly contagious, also – so much so, that the vaccine typically only works to reduce the symptoms, rather than prevent your dog from contracting the disease altogether (similar to the human COVID vaccines).
Clinical signs include dry, hacking cough, retching, eyes/nasal discharge, lethargy and lack of appetite. These symptoms can arise for many different reasons, but it’s important to immediately isolate your pet in case it is the contagious canine cough, as it can readily spread to other animals. If you need one of our Veterinarian’s to assess your pet for any of the above symptoms, please let us known beforehand so we can assist you in maintaining social distancing from other dogs when you arrive at the clinic. Until one of our Veterinarians gives you the all clear, this isolation should be carried right through until all clinical signs resolve. Thankfully, the prognosis once diagnosed with the disease is usually always good.
Other variants outside the canine cough types listed above can include Leptospirosis and Coronavirus (not to be confused with our COVID-19!). They act very similarly to the canine cough variants as described above, relating to chest/lung disease – but the prevalence is much less in this area. Vaccination against Leptovirus/Coronavirus (with the Protech C2i) largely depends on individual circumstances and is usually only reserved for farm dogs or high-risk areas.